NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Geography Chapter 2 Forest and Wildlife Resources

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Geography Chapter 2 Forest and Wildlife Resources

Chapter 2 Forest and Wildlife Resources NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Geography is helpful in gaining information about interesting topics. The Class 10 NCERT Solutions are useful in completing the homework in no time. It is a best way to revise the chapter properly in less time.

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Geography Chapter 2 Forest and Wildlife Resources

1. Multiple choice questions

(i) Which of these statements is not a valid reason for the depletion of flora and fauna?
(a) Agricultural expansion
(b) Large scale developmental projects
(c) Grazing and fuel wood collection
(d) Rapid industrialisation and urbanisation
Sol. (c) Grazing and fuel wood collection

(ii) Which of the following conservation strategies do not directly involve community participation?
(a) Joint forest management
(b) Beej Bachao Andolan
(c) Chipko Movement
(d) Demarcation of Wildlife sanctuaries
Sol. (d) Demarcation of Wildlife sanctuaries

2. Match the following animals with their category of existence.

Animals/Plants Category of existence
Black buck Extinct
Asiatic elephant Rare
Andaman wild pig Endangered
Himalayan brown bear Vulnerable
Pink head duck Endemic 

Solution

Animals/Plants Category of existence
Black buck Extinct
Asiatic elephant Rare
Andaman wild pig Endangered
Himalayan brown bear Vulnerable
Pink head duck Endemic 

3. Match the following.

Reserved forests other forests and wastelands belonging to both government and private individuals and communities
Protected forests forests are regarded as most valuable as far as the conservation of forest and wildlife resources
Unclassed forests forest lands are protected from any further depletion

Solution

Reserved forests forests are regarded as most valuable as far as the conservation of forest and wildlife resources
Protected forests forest lands are protected from any further depletion
Unclassed forests other forests and wastelands belonging to both government and private individuals and communities

4. Answer the following questions in about 30 words.

(i) What is biodiversity? Why is biodiversity important for human lives?

Solution

Biodiversity refers to the varieties of species of plants, animals and micro-organisms found within a specified region. Importance of Biodiversity in human life:
• The destruction of forests and wildlife is not just a biological issue. The biological loss is strongly correlated with the loss of cultural diversity.
• It also preserves the genetic diversity of plants and animals for better growth of species and breeding.

(ii) How have human activities affected the depletion of flora and fauna? Explain.

Solution

• Expansion of agriculture, commercial and scientific forestry is the major cause of depletion of fauna and flora.
• Enriched plantation affects the nutrient content as it has been commercialized.
• Large-scale development projects cause a lot of damage as they destroy forests and land.
• Mining leads to destruction of forests and the heap of soil which is dumped, destroys the top soil.

5. Answer the following questions in about 120 words.

(i) Describe how communities have conserved and protected forests and wildlife in India.

Solution

• Indian forests are home to different communities.
• In Sariska Tiger Reserve Rajasthan, villagers have fought against mining by citing Wildlife Protection Act.
• The inhabitants of five villages in the Alwar district have declared 1,200 hectares of forest as Bhairodev Dakav ‘Sonchuri’ declaring their own set of rules and regulations disallowing hunting and protecting the wildlife against outside encroachments.
• The Mundas and Santhals of Chota Nagpur region worship Mahua and Kadamba trees.
• Tribals of Odisha and Bihar worship the tamarind and mango trees during weddings.
• In and around Bishnoi villages in Rajasthan herds of blackbuck, nilgai and peacocks can be seen as an integral part of the community and nobody can harm them.
• Chipko Movement has resisted deforestation in several areas.

(ii) Write a note on good practices towards conserving forest and wildlife.

Solution

• National parks, biosphere and wildlife sanctuaries : To protect the biodiversity, the Indian government has established 100 national parks, 515 sanctuaries and 17 biosphere reserves.
• The Indian Wildlife Protection Act was implemented in 1972, with various provisions for protecting habitats. An all India list of protected species was also published. The thrust of the programme was towards protecting the remaining population of certain endangered species by banning hunting, giving legal protection to their habitats and restricting trade in wildlife.
• Projects for protecting specific animals : The central government has also announced several projects for protecting specific animals which were grately threatened, including the tiger, the one-horned rhinoceros, the Kashmir stag or hangul, the three types of crocodiles – the freshwater crocodile, the saltwater crocodile and the Gharial, the Asiatic lion and others.
• Forest Policy is one of the few countries which has a forest policy since 1894. It was revised in 1952 and again in 1988. The main plank of the forest policy is protection, conservation and development of forests.

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