NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Political Science Chapter 1 Power Sharing

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Political Science Chapter 1 Power Sharing

In this page, we have provided Chapter 1 Power Sharing NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Political Science that will help you in knowing the concepts given in the chapter. NCERT Solutions are must one for every student to know basics and gain sufficient knowledge. You will get to know about various important themes like need for power sharing and types of power sharing in this chapter.

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Political Science Chapter 1 Power Sharing

1. What are the different forms of power sharing in modern democracies? Give an example of each of these.

Solution

(i) Power shared among different organs of the government: Power is shared among the Legislature, Executive and the Judiciary. It is also called horizontal distribution of power because all these organs are placed at the same level. Such separation ensures that none of the organs can exercise unlimited powers. Each organ checks the other, which results in the balance of power among various institutions.

(ii) Power shared among Governments at different levels: It means that in the federal system of government, there is one central government that has the power to execute decisions for the whole country and there are many different provincial governments for different states of the country. In India Government is divided at the central level, state level and local level. It is called a vertical division of power as power is divided among higher and lower levels of governments.

(iii) Power shared among different social groups: This type of arrangement is made to give space in the Government and administration to diverse social groups who otherwise feel alienated from the Government. This method is used to give minority communities a fair share in power. In India, we have the system of reserved constituencies in the Assemblies and in the Parliament. Community Government in Belgium is a good example.

(iv) Power shared among political parties, pressure groups and moments: In a democracy, the citizen must have the freedom to choose among various contenders for power. In the long run, power is shared among different political parties that represent different ideologies and social groups. This type of Government is called ‘Coalition Government’. Many interest groups like traders, businessmen, farmers, industrial workers, also have a share in governmental power either way, through participation and influencing decision-making process.

2. State one prudential reason and one moral reason for power sharing with an example from the Indian context.

Solution

Prudential reason: It helps to reduce the possibility of conflict between social groups. It brings out better outcomes, e.g., in India seats in the Parliament and assemblies have been reserved for weaker sections.

Moral reason: It is the spirit of democracy. All people should be consulted in a democracy. In India, people elect their representatives after every five years or earlier.

3. After reading this chapter, three students drew different conclusions. Which of these do you agree with and why? Give your reasons in about 50 words.
Thomman - Power sharing is necessary only in societies which have religious, linguistic or ethnic divisions.
Mathayi – Power sharing is suitable only for big countries that have regional divisions.
Ouseph – Every society needs some form of power sharing even if it is small or does not have social divisions.

Solution

The conclusion drawn by Ouseph is correct. Power sharing not only prevents conflict between various groups in the society but it also inculcates a sense of worth in the citizens. The people will be more satisfied with the government if they have a say in the decision-making process.

4. The Mayor of Merchtem, a town near Brussels in Belgium, has defended a ban on speaking French in the town’s schools. He said that the ban would help all non-Dutch speakers integrate in this Flemish town. Do you think that this measure is in keeping with the spirit of Belgium’s power sharing arrangements? Give your reasons in about 50 words.

Solution

The ban is not in keeping with the spirit of Belgium’s power-sharing arrangements. It is an example of the imposition of the will of the majority on the minority which is against the principle of accommodation. The ban may result in strained relations between different communities i.e., French-speaking and Dutch-speaking in Belgium.

5. Read the following passage and pick out any one of the prudential reasons for power sharing offered in this.
“We need to give more power to the panchayats to realise the dream of Mahatma Gandhi and the hopes of the makers of our Constitution. Panchayati Raj establishes true democracy. It restores power to the only place where power belongs in a democracy – in the hands of the people. Giving power to Panchayats is also a way to reduce corruption and increase administrative efficiency. When people participate in the planning and implementation of developmental schemes, they would naturally exercise greater control over these schemes. This would eliminate the corrupt middlemen. Thus, Panchayati Raj will strengthen the foundations of our democracy.”

Solution

• Panchayati Raj establishes true democracy
• It restores power to the people,
• It reduces corruption and increases administrative efficiency.
• People control over development schemes.
• It will strengthen the foundations of democracy.

6. Different arguments are usually put forth in favour of and against power sharing. Identify those which are in favour of power sharing and select the answer using the codes given below? Power sharing:
A. reduces conflict among different communities
B. decreases the possibility of arbitrariness
C. delays decision making process
D. accommodates diversities
E. increases instability and divisiveness
F. promotes people’s participation in government
G. undermines the unity of a country

(a) A B D F
(b) A C E F
(c) A B D G
(d) B C D G

Solution

(a) A B D F

7. Consider the following statements about power sharing arrangements in Belgium and Sri Lanka.
A. In Belgium, the Dutch-speaking majority people tried to impose their domination on the minority French-speaking community.
B. In Sri Lanka, the policies of the government sought to ensure the dominance of the Sinhala-speaking majority.
C. The Tamils in Sri Lanka demanded a federal arrangement of power sharing to protect their culture, language and equality of opportunity in education and jobs.
D. The transformation of Belgium from unitary government to a federal one prevented a possible division of the country on linguistic lines.
Which of the statements given above are correct?

(a) A, B, C and D (b) A, B and D (c) C and D (d) B, C and D

Solution

(d) B, C and D

8. Match List I (forms of power sharing) with List II (forms of government) and select the correct answer using the codes given below in the lists:

- List I List II
1 Power shared among different organs of government A. Community government
2 Power shared among governments at different levels B. Separation of powers
3 Power shared by different social groups C. Coalition government
4 Power shared by two or more political parties D. Federal government

- 1 2 3 4
(a) D A B C
(b) B C D A
(c) B D A C
(d) C D A B

Solution

(c) B D A C

9. Consider the following two statements on power sharing and select the answer using the codes given below:
A. Power sharing is good for democracy.
B. It helps to reduce the possibility of conflict between social groups.
Which of these statements are true and false?

(a) A is true but B is false
(b) Both A and B are true
(c) Both A and B are false
(d) A is false but B is true

Solution

(b) Both A and B are true

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