NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Geography Chapter 7 Lifelines of National Economy

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Geography Chapter 7 Lifelines of National Economy

Chapter 7 Lifelines of National Economy NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Geography can be helpful in completing your notebook and scoring good marks in the exams. A student can improve their knowledge about many means of transport like roadways, railways, airways and waterways. Class 10 Social Science NCERT Solutions can be helpful in getting good marks in the exams.

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Geography Chapter 7 Lifelines of National Economy

1. Multiple choice questions.

(i) Which two of the following extreme locations are connected by the east-west corridor?
(a) Mumbai and Nagpur
(b) Silchar and Porbandar
(c) Mumbai and Kolkata
(d) Nagpur and Siligudi
Sol. (b) Silchar and Porbandar

(ii) Which mode of transportation reduces trans-shipment losses and delays?
(a) Railways
(b) Roadways
(c) Pipeline
(d) Waterways
Sol. (c) Pipeline

(iii) Which one of the following states is not connected with the H.V.J. pipeline?
(a) Madhya Pradesh
(b) Maharashtra
(c) Gujarat
(d) Uttar Pradesh
Sol. (b) Maharashtra

(iv) Which one of the following ports is the deepest land-locked and well-protected port along the east coast?
(a) Chennai
(b) Paradwip
(c) Tuticorin
(d) Vishakhapatnam
Sol. (d) Vishakhapatnam

(v) Which one of the following is the most important modes of transportation in India?
(a) Pipeline
(b) Railways
(c) Roadways
(d) Airways
Sol. (b) Railways

(vi) Which one of the following terms is used to describe trade between two or more countries?
(a) Internal trade
(b) International trade
(c) External trade
(d) Local trade
Sol. (b) International trade

2. Answer the following questions in about 30 words.

(i) State any three merits of roadways.

Solution

• Construction cost of roads is much lower than that of railway lines.
• Roads can go through dissected and undulating land areas and through steep mountains.
• They are economical as loading costs are low and door-to-door service can be availed of.

(ii) Where and why is rail transport the most convenient means of transportation?

Solution

In the northern plains, rail transport is the most convenient mode of transportation. This is because this region has vast level lands that are good for laying tracks, and huge population and high agricultural productivity, making rail transport a profitable venture.

(iii) What is the significance of the border roads?

Solution

Border roads are strategically important as they improve accessibility to areas like the northern and northeastern border areas which have a difficult terrain.

(iv) What is meant by trade? What is the difference between international and local trade?

Solution

Trade is the movement of goods and services between regions for economic gain. Trade between two or more countries is termed as international trade, while trade occurring in a region within the same country is called local trade.

3. Answer the following questions in about 120 words.

(i) Why are the means of transportation and communication called the lifelines of a nation and its economy?

Solution

• Transport system helps in the movement of goods and services from their supply locations to demand locations.
• The means of transport provide an important link between the producers and consumers of goods.
• They help in the development of agriculture and industry by providing raw materials and distributing finished goods.
• Transport like railways help us in conducting various activities like business, sightseeing, pilgrimage
and transportation of goods over longer distances.
• Water provide the cheapest means of transport and is useful for international trade.
• Air transport provides the fastest, most comfortable mode of transport.

(ii) Write a note on the changing nature of the international trade in the last fifteen years.

Solution

Before globalisation, generally, bilateral agreements were made to integrate national economies with the world economy. Under World Trade Organisation (WTO), efforts are being made to have multi-lateral agreements for international trade. WTO is regulating the international trade of goods as well as services. Exchange of information and knowledge has surpassed exchange of goods and commodities. India has emerged as a software giant at the international level. It is earning large foreign exchange through the export of information technology because of its fast-growing Business Process Outsourcing (BPO) sector.

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