NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Political Science Chapter 3 Democracy and Diversity

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Political Science Chapter 3 Democracy and Diversity

Class 10 Political Science NCERT Solutions of Chapter 3 Democracy and Diversity will help you in completing your notebook and getting good marks in the exams. Class 10 Civics NCERT Solutions present will useful in knowing the basics of the chapter and check understanding of the chapter.

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Political Science Chapter 3 Democracy and Diversity

1. Discuss three factors that determine the outcomes of politics of social divisions.

Solution

The three factors that determine the outcomes of politics of social divisions:
(i) How people perceive their identities: If people see their identities in singular and exclusive terms, it becomes very difficult to accommodate. It is much easier if the people see that their identities are multiple and are complementary to national identity.
(ii) Depends on how political leaders raise the demand of any committee: It is easier to accommodate demands that are within the constitutional framework and are not at the cost of another community.
(iii) Depends on how the govt, reacts to the demands of different groups: If the rulers are willing to share power and accommodate the reasonable demands of minority community, social divisions became less threatening for the country. But if they try to suppress such a demand in the name of national unity, the end result is often quite the opposite.

2. When does a social difference become a social division?

Solution

A social difference becomes a social division when some social difference overlaps with other differences. For example in USA., the difference between the Blacks and Whites becomes a social division. The Blacks are poor, homeless and are discriminated. In the same way in India, Dalits are mostly poor, landless and are discriminated.

3. How do social divisions affect politics? Give two examples.

Solution

In democracy social divisions become political divisions and may lead to violence. A democracy involves competition among various political parties. As their competition tends to divide society, if they start competing in terms of some existing social divisions, then it can convert those social divisions into political divisions, which can lead to conflict, violence and even disintegration of the country. For example, in Yugoslavia, political competition along religious and ethnic lines led to the disintegration of Yugoslavia into six independent countries.

4. ________________ social differences create possibilities of deep social divisions and tensions. ___________________ social differences do not usually lead to conflicts.

Solution

Overlapping social differences create possibilities of deep social divisions and tensions. Cross-cutting social differences do not usually lead to conflicts.

5. In dealing with social divisions which one of the following statements is NOT correct about democracy?
(a) Due to political competition in a democracy, social divisions get reflected in politics.
(b) In a democracy it is possible for communities to voice their grievances in a peaceful manner.
(c) Democracy is the best way to accommodate social diversity.
(d) Democracy always leads to disintegration of society on the basis of social divisions.

Solution

(d) Democracy always leads to the disintegration of society on the basis of social divisions.

6. Consider the following three statements.
A. Social divisions take place when social differences overlap.
B. It is possible that a person can have multiple identities.
C. Social divisions exist in only big countries like India.
Which of the statements is/are correct?
(a) A, B and C
(b) A and B
(c) B and C
(d) Only C

Solution

(b) A and B

7. Arrange the following statements in a logical sequence and select the right answers by using the code given below.
A. But all political expression of social divisions need not be always dangerous.
B. Social divisions of one kind or the other exist in most countries.
C. Parties try to win political support by appealing to social divisions.
D. Some social differences may result in social divisions.
(a) D, B, C, A
(b) D, B, A, C
(c) D, A, C, B
(d) A, B, C, D

Solution

(a) D, B, C, A

8. Among the following, which country suffered disintegration due to political fights on the basis of religious and ethnic identities?
(a) Belgium
(b) India
(c) Yugoslavia
(d) Netherlands

Solution

(c) Yugoslavia

9. Read the following passage from a famous speech by Martin Luther King Jr. in 1963. Which social division is he talking about? What are his aspirations and anxieties? Do you see a relationship between this speech and the incident in Mexico Olympics mentioned in this chapter?
“I have a dream that my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the colour of their skin but by the content of their character. Let freedom ring. And when this happens, and when we allow freedom ring—when we let it ring from every village and every hamlet, from every state and every city, we will be able to speed up that day when all of God’s children—black men and white men, Jews and Gentiles, Protestants and Catholics—will be able to join hands and sing in the words of the old Negro spiritual: ‘Free at last! Free at last! Thank God Almighty, we are free at last!’ I have a dream that one day this nation will rise up and live out the true meaning of its creed: ‘We hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men are created equal’.”

Solution

In this extract, Martin Luther King Jr. is talking about racism in the USA. He is referring to the segregation policies adopted by the Whites towards the Coloured people. He aspires for a country where there will be security for all; where racial abuse will not occur; and where everyone will be treated as equal irrespective of the colour of their skin. This speech and the incident at the Mexico Olympics are both parts of a movement that wanted to highlight the plight of the African-American people.

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