NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Political Science Chapter 2 Federalism

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Political Science Chapter 2 Federalism

Chapter 2 Federalism Class 10 Political Science NCERT Solutions is one the finest way through which you will get to know variety of new things like practice of federalism in India. Class 10 Social Science will enrich your knowledge to get more marks in the examinations. It is vey helpful also for higher grades students and aspirants of competitive exams.

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Political Science Chapter 2 Federalism

1. Locate the following States on a blank outline political map of India: Manipur, Sikkim, Chhattisgarh and Goa.

Solution
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Political Science Chapter 2 Federalism Answer 1

2. Identify and shade three federal countries (other than India) on a blank outline political map of the world.

Solution

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Political Science Chapter 2 Federalism Answer 3

3. Point out one feature in the practice of federalism in India that is similar to and one feature that is different from that of Belgium.

Solution

In both the countries, power has been divided among the national government, state (provincial) governments and local governments (community govt, in Belgium).

4. What is the main difference between a federal form of government and a unitary one? Explain with an example.

Solution

In a federal form of government, the central government shares its powers with the various constituent units of the country. For example, in India, power is divided between the government at the Centre and the various State governments.
In a unitary form of government, all the power is exercised by only one government. For example, in Sri Lanka, the national government has all the powers.

5. State any two differences between the local government before and after the Constitutional amendment in 1992.

Solution

Two differences between the local government before and after the constitutional amendment in 1992 are as follows:
• Before 1992, elections to the local bodies were not held regularly. Since 1992, it is constitutionally mandated to hold regular elections to local government bodies.
• Before 1992, local bodies did not have any powers or resources of their own. After 1992, the state governments are required to share some powers and revenue with local government bodies.

6. Fill in the blanks:
Since the United States is a _________ type of federation, all the constituent States have equal powers and States are _______vis-à-vis the federal government. But India is a ________ type of federation and some States have more power than others. In India, the _______ government has more powers.

Solution

(i) coining together (ii) strong (iii) holding together (iv) central.

7. Here are three reactions to the language policy followed in India. Give an argument and an example to support any of these positions.
Sangeeta: The policy of accommodation has strengthened national unity.
Arman: Language-based States have divided us by making everyone conscious of their language.
Harish: This policy has only helped to consolidate the dominance of English over all other languages.

Solution

The position held by Sangeeta that the policy of accommodation has strengthened national unity is correct. The Central Government agreed to continue the use of English along with Hindi for official purposes to avoid the situation of Sri Lanka. Otherwise, the movement against Hindi would have taken more ugly turn. The promotion of Hindi continues to be the official policy of the Government of India. The flexibility in the policy has proved to be in the interest of the country. Thus, the policy of accommodation has strengthened national unity. Hindi is being used along with English for official purposes.

8. The distinguishing feature of a federal government is:
(a) National government gives some powers to the provincial governments.
(b) Power is distributed among the legislature, executive and judiciary.
(c) Elected officials exercise supreme power in the government.
(d) Governmental power is divided between different levels of government.

Solution

(d) Governmental power is divided between different levels of government.

9. A few subjects in various Lists of the Indian Constitution are given here. Group them under the Union, State and Concurrent Lists as provided in the table below.
A. Defence; B. Police; C. Agriculture; D. Education;
E. Banking; F. Forests; G. Communications; H. Trade; I. Marriages

Solution

Union List: Defence, Banking and Communications.
State List: Police, Agriculture and Trade.
Concurrent List: Education, Forests and Marriages.

10. Examine the following pairs that give the level of government in India and the powers of the government at that level to make laws on the subjects mentioned against each. Which of the following pairs is not correctly matched?

(a) State government State List
(b) Central government Union List
(c) Central and State governments Concurrent List
(d) Local governments Residuary powers

Solution

(d) Local governments — Residuary powers.
It is not correctly matched because the residuary powers have been given to the Central Government.

11. Match List I with List-II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists:

List I List II
1. Union of India A. Prime Minister
2. State B. Sarpanch
3. Municipal Corporation C. Governor
4. Gram Panchayat D. Mayor

- 1 2 3 4
(a) D A B C
(b) B C D A
(c) A C D B
(d) C D A B

Solution

(c) A, C, D, B.

12. Consider the following statements:
A. In a federation, the powers of the federal and provincial governments are clearly demarcated.
B. India is a federation because the powers of the Union and State Governments are specified in the Constitution and they have exclusive jurisdiction on their respective subjects.
C. Sri Lanka is a federation because the country is divided into provinces.
D. India is no longer a federation because some powers of the States have been devolved to the local government bodies.
Which of the statements given above are correct?
(a) A, B and C
(b) A, C and D
(c) A and B only
(d) B and C only

Solution

(c) A and B only.

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