NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Political Science Chapter 4 Gender, Religion and Caste

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Political Science Chapter 4 Gender, Religion and Caste

Class 10 Political Science NCERT Solutions for Chapter 3 Democracy and Diversity will help you in completing your notebook and getting good marks in the exams. Class 10 Civics NCERT Solutions present will useful in knowing the basics of the chapter and check understanding of the chapter.

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Political Science Chapter 4 Gender, Religion and Caste

1. Mention different aspects of life in which women are discriminated or disadvantaged in India.

Solution

• Preference of Male Child: There are sex-selective abortions in India. A girl child is aborted due to the preference of a male child among several Indian parents That is why the sex ratio in India is declining.

• Less Education: Girls are provided with less education as compared to boys. The literacy rate of women is only 54% as compared to 76% among men in India. Many girls in India tend to leave their education midway because economically weak parents prefer to spend their money on the education of their son as compared to that of their daughter.

• Less pay for same work: Women form a small portion among highly paid and valued jobs. Many girls are not able to pursue higher education in India due to early marriage, inaccessibility to higher education institutes or lack of money to pursue higher education. Therefore they do not have the qualification to apply for high paying jobs.

• Exploitation of women: There are instances of sexual harassment and domestic violence against women which deters the formation of a supportive environment for a woman to pursue her ambitions and fulfil her dreams as per potential. Their conditions are created due to the assumption of women being physically weaker, lack of protection from state agencies such as police and structure of the patriarchal society.

2. State different forms of communal politics with one example each.

Solution

Different forms of communal politics:

• The expression of communal superiority in everyday beliefs. Example: Militant religious groups.
• The desire to form a majoritarian dominance or a separate state. Example  Separatist leaders in Jammu and Kashmir.
• The use of religious symbols and leaders in politics to appeal to the voters,

3. State how caste inequalities are still continuing in India.

Solution

• Most people still marry within their own caste or tribe. The upper caste people or sometimes other caste people to do not allow inter-caste marriages.
• Untouchability has been prohibited by the Constitution but in practice it still exists in different parts of the country, particularly in rural areas.
• In the field of education to the position is far from satisfactory. The caste groups that had access to education under the old system have done very well in acquiring modern education as well. But those groups who did not have access to education or were prohibited from acquiring it have naturally lagged behind.
• Caste is still an important source of economic inequality because it regulates access to resources of various kinds. While the upper classes are best off, the Dalits and Adivasis are worst off, and the backward classes are in between.
• Although every caste has some poor members, the proportion of living in extreme poverty is much higher for the lowest castes. Lower caste people like rural landless labourers are generally poor and are exploited even today.

4. State two reasons to say that caste alone cannot determine election results in India.

Solution

Caste alone cannot determine election results in India because:
• No parliamentary constituency has a clear majority of one single caste.
• No party wins all the votes of a particular caste.

5. What is the status of women’s representation in India’s legislative bodies?

Solution

• In Lok Sabha, the percentage of elected women members has never reached even 10 per cent of its total strength.
• Their share in the state assemblies is less than 5 per cent. India is among the bottom group of nations in the world in this respect.
• Therefore, the proportion of women in legislative bodies has been very low. Women’s organisations and activists have been demanding reservation of at least one-third of seats in the Lok Sabha and State Assemblies for women. A bill with this proposal has been pending before the parliament for more than a decade but due to lack of consensus among the political parties, it has not been passed.

6. Mention any two constitutional provisions that make India a secular state.

Solution

• The Constitution provides to all individuals and communities freedom to profess, practice and propagate any religion, or not to follow any.
• The Constitution prohibits discrimination on grounds of religion.

7. When we speak of gender divisions, we usually refer to:
(a) Biological difference between men and women
(b) Unequal roles assigned by the society to men and women
(c) Unequal child sex ratio
(d) Absence of voting rights for women in democracies

Solution

(b) Unequal roles assigned by the society to men and women

8. In India seats are reserved for women in
(a) Lok Sabha
(b) State legislative assemblies
(c) Cabinets
(d) Panchayati Raj bodies

Solution

(d) Panchayati Raj bodies

9. Consider the following statements on the meaning of communal politics. Communal politics is based on the belief that:
A. One religion is superior to that of others.
B. People belonging to different religions can live together happily as equal citizens.
C. Followers of a particular religion constitute one community.
D. State power cannot be used to establish the domination of one religious group over others.
Which of the statements is/are correct?
(a) A, B, C, and D
(b) A, B, and D
(c) A and C
(d) B and D

Solution

(c) A and C

10. Which among the following statements about India’s Constitution is wrong? It
(a) prohibits discrimination on grounds of religion.
(b) gives official status to one religion.
(c) provides to all individuals freedom to profess any religion.
(d) ensures equality of citizens within religious communities.

Solution

(b) gives official status to one religion.

11. Social divisions based on _________ are peculiar to India.

Solution

Social divisions based on caste are peculiar to India.

12. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the Lists:

- List I List II
1. A person who believes in equal rights and opportunities for women and men A. Communalist
2. A person who says that religion is the principal basis of community B. Feminist
3. A person who thinks that caste is the principal basis of community C. Secularist
4. A person who does not discriminate others on the basis of religious beliefs D. Castiest

- 1 2 3 4
(a) B C A D
(b) B A D C
(c) D C A B
(d) C A B D

Solution

(b)BADC

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