NCERT Solutions for Class 7 History Chapter 6 Towns, Traders And Craftspersons Social Science

We have provided NCERT Solutions for Class 7 History Chapter 6 Towns, Traders And Craftspersons will make learning and understanding more easier and effective. These NCERT Solutions are curated by our expert teachers who have vast experience of teaching students. You can track your progress anytime and provide complete assistance.

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 History Chapter 6 Towns, Traders And Craftspersons

Chapter 6 Towns, Traders And Craftspersons NCERT Solutions for Class 7 History

Let’s recall

1. Fill in the blanks:

(a) The Rajarajeshvara temple was built in _________.

(b) Ajmer is associated with the Sufi saint _________.

(c) Hampi was the capital of the _______ Empire

(d) The Dutch established a settlement at ______ in Andhra Pradesh.


(a) 1010 A.D.

(b) Khwaja Muinuddin Chishti.

(c) Vijayanagara Empire.

(d) Masulipatnam in Andhra Pradesh.

State whether true or false:

(a) We know the name of the architect of the Rajarajeshvara temple from an inscription.

(b) Merchants preferred to travel individually rather than in caravans.

(c) Kabul was a major centre for trade in elephants.

(d) Surat was an important trading port on the Bay of Bengal.


(a) True

(b) False

(c) False

(d) False

3. How was water supplied to the city of Thanjavur?


Water was supplied to the city of Thanjavur from tanks and wells.

4. Who lived in the “Black Towns” in cities such as Madras?


Merchants, artisans such as weavers, native traders and craftspersons lived in the "Black Towns" in cities such as Madras.

5. Why do you think towns grew around temples?


Towns grew around temples because:
• In order to cater the needs of pilgrims, a large number of priests, artisans, workers and traders settled near the temple and slowly pilgrimage centres developed into townships.
• They were administrative centres.
• They were also centres of commercial activities and craft production.
• Temple wealth was used to finance banking and trades by the temple authorities.

6. How important were craftspersons for the building and maintenance of temples?


Craftspeople were very important for the construction and maintenance of temples.
• This community consisted of goldsmiths, bronzesmiths, blacksmiths, masons, and carpenters. They were essential to the building of temples.
• The artists were also helpful in designing many aspects of the artwork. That included making idols, designing the walls and roofs.
• The community of weavers that had a lot of prosperity also donated to the temples.

7. Why did people from distant lands visit Surat?


People from distant lands visit Surat because:
• Surat was the gateway for trade with West Asia via the Gulf of Ormuz.
• Surat has been called the gate to Mecca because many pilgrim ships set sail from here.
• There are several retail and wholesale shops selling cotton textiles. Customers can find many types of cotton textiles at these shops.
• The textiles of Surat were famous for their gold lace borders, i.e. zari and had a market in West Asia, Africa and Europe.
• There was a wide variety of rest-houses for visitors. There were magnificent buildings and innumerable pleasure parks that attracted people of far-off places.

8. In what ways was craft production in cities like Calcutta different from that in cities like Thanjavur?


Craft production in cities like Calcutta different from that in cities like Thanjavur:
• Craftspeople in Thanjavur were independent, but those in Calcutta were controlled by Europeans.
• In Thanjavur, crafts were developed on interest and they were creative and specialized. In Calcutta, craftsmen began to work on a system of advances.
• They were granted the liberty to sell their own made crafts and textiles while here they no longer had the liberty of selling their own crafts.

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