NCERT Solutions for Class 7 History Chapter 7 Tribes, Nomads And Settled Communities

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 History Chapter 7 Tribes, Nomads And Settled Communities Social Science

Here you will find NCERT Solutions for Class 7 History Chapter 7 Tribes, Nomads And Settled Communities are available in simple language so you can get them easily. These NCERT Solutions will provide you with adequate time to research and work on their assignments. Our experts have tried to make the solutions as easy as possible thus, you will not find any concept difficult to understand.

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 History Chapter 7 Tribes, Nomads And Settled Communities

Chapter 7 Tribes, Nomads And Settled Communities NCERT Solutions for Class 7 History


Let’s recall

1. Match the following:


garh khel
tanda chaurasi
labourer caravan
clan Garha Katanga
Sib Singh Ahom state
Durgawati paik

Solution

garh khel
tanda chaurasi
labourer caravan
clan Garha Katanga
Sib Singh Ahom state
Durgawati paik

2. Fill in the blanks: 

(a) The new castes emerging within varnas were called ____. 

(b) _____ were historical works written by the Ahoms.

(c) The ____ mentions that Garha Katanga had 70,000 villages.

(d) As tribal states became bigger and stronger, they gave land grants to _____ and ____.

Solution

(a) jatis.

(b) Buranjis.

(c) The Akbar Nama.

(d) poets and scholars.

3. State whether true or false:

(a) Tribal societies had rich oral traditions.

(b) There were no tribal communities in the north-western part of the subcontinent.

(c) The chaurasi in Gond states contained several cities. 

(d) The Bhils lived in the north-eastern part of the subcontinent. 

Solution

(a) True

(b) False

(c) False

(d) False

4. What kinds of exchanges took place between nomadic pastoralists and settled agriculturists?

Solution

Nomadic pastoralists exchanged wool and ghee with settled agriculturists in exchange for grain, cloth, utensils and other products.

Let’s understand 

5. How was the administration of the Ahom state organised?

Solution

• The administration was centralised during first half of the 17th century.

• The Ahom state depended upon forced labour to work for the state and were called paiks.

• Almost all adult males served in the army during war and in other times, they were engaged in building dams, irrigation systems and other public works.

• Ahom society was divided into clans or khels who often controlled several villages.

• The peasant was given land by his village community and even king could not take it away withouth the permission of the community.

6. What changes took place in varna-based society?

Solution

• Smaller castes or jatis emerged within varnas.

• On the other hand, many tribes and social groups were taken into caste-based society and given the status of jatis.

• Specialised artisans such as smiths, carpenters and masons were also recognised as separate jatis by the Brahmanas.

• Jatis rather than varna became the basis for organising society.

• Among the Kshatriyas, new Rajput clans became powerful.

• Many tribes became part of the caste system. But only the leading tribal families could join the ruling class. A large majority joined the lower jatis of caste society.

• Many dominant tribes of Punjab, Sind and the North-West Frontier had adopted Islam. They continued to reject the caste-system.

7. How did tribal societies change after being organised into a state?

Solution

Changes in tribal societies after being organised into a state:

• With the support of the Brahmanas, many tribes became part of the caste system.

• Leading tribal families joined ruling classes and a large majority joined the lower jatis of caste society.

• Many dominant tribes of Punjab, Sindh and the North-West Frontier had adopted Islam.

• Some became politically powerful and conflicted with larger and more complex kingdoms and empires.

Let’s discuss

8. Were the Banjaras important for the economy?

Solution

• They were the most important trader-nomads.

• They were used to transport grain to the city markets.

• They buy grain where it is cheaply available and carry it to places where it is dearer.

• Sometimes they were hired by big merchants and trade for them.

• They carried grain on their bullocks from different areas and sold it in towns and also transported food grain for the Mughal army during military campaigns.

9. In what ways was the history of the Gonds different from that of the Ahoms? Were there any similarities?

Solution

Difference:

• The Gonds lived in a vast forested region called Gondwana. The Ahoms migrated to the Brahmaputra valley from present-day Myanmar in the 13th century.

• The Gonds practised shifting cultivation. The Ahoms did not practise this type of cultivation.

• The Gond society was not as much developed as the Ahom’s. The Ahoms built a large state by using firearms. They could even make high quality gunpower and cannons.

• The Ahom society was very sophisticated. Poets and scholars were given land grants. Theatre was encouraged. We do not find these things in the Gond society.

Similarities:

• Both were capable of building large states.

• Both had to face Mughal attack. Despite their brave defence, both were defeated by the Mughals.

• Both of them granted land to the Brahmanas, who became very influential.

• We find the administration centralised in the history of the Gonds as well as the Ahoms.

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