NCERT Solutions for Class 8 History Chapter 7 Civilising the “Native”, Educating the Nation

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 History Chapter 7 Civilising the “Native”, Educating the Nation Social Science

Here we have given NCERT Solutions for Class 8 History Chapter 7 Civilising the “Native”, Educating the Nation through which students can lay a great foundation for their future development. You must understand the basics of the subjects if you want to do well in your exams. Our experts have tried to make the solutions as easy as possible thus, you will not find any concept difficult to understand.

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 History Chapter 7 Civilising the “Native”, Educating the Nation

Chapter 7 Civilising the “Native”, Educating the Nation NCERT Solutions for Class 8 History



Let's Recall 

1. Match the following:

William Jones promotion of English education
Rabindranath Tagore respect for ancient cultures
Thomas Macaulay gurus
Mahatma Gandhi learning in a natural environment
Pathshalas critical of English education

Solution

William Jones respect for ancient cultures
Rabindranath Tagore learning in a natural environment
Thomas Macaulay promotion of English education
Mahatma Gandhi critical of English education
Pathshalas gurus

2. State whether true or false: 

(a) James Mill was a severe critic of the Orientalists.
Ans. True

(b) The 1854 Despatch on education was in favour of English being introduced as a medium of higher education in India.

(c) Mahatma Gandhi thought that promotion of literacy was the most important aim of education. 

(d) Rabindranath Tagore felt that children ought to be subjected to strict discipline. 

Solution

(a) True
(b) True
(c) False
(d) False

Let's Discuss 

3. Why did William Jones feel the need to study Indian history, philosophy and law?

Solution

William Jones felt the need to study Indian history, philosophy and law as this will not only help the British learn from Indian culture but it would also help Indian to rediscover their own heritage and understand the lost glories of their past. This would establish the British as guardians of Indian culture and gain total control.

4. Why did James Mill and Thomas Macaulay think that European education was essential in India?

Solution

James Mill and Thomas Macaulay thought that European education would enable Indians to recognize the advantages of expanding trade and commerce and make them see the importance of developing their country's resources.

Introducing European ways of life would change their tastes and desires. This would create a demand for goods made in London, because Indians would begin to appreciate British products and buy them.

It would improve the moral character of Indians by giving them more truths and honesty. It would also make civil servants trust worthy and thus improve the quality of people and their skills required for administration.

Macaulay believed that knowledge of English would allow Indians to read some of the finest literature the world had produced. It would make them aware of the developments in Western Science and philosophy. Teaching of English could civilize people setting. He saw it as an abode of peace, where living in harmony with nature, children could cultivate their natural creativity.

5. Why did Mahatma Gandhi want to teach children handicrafts?

Solution

Mahatma Gandhi wanted to teach children how to make crafts so they could develop their minds and know how things worked. This helped them learn about the world around them. It also reduced the time for many children to learn practical facts by making those "fact" a hands-on experience.

6. Why did Mahatma Gandhi think that English education had enslaved Indians?

Solution

English education, according to Mahatma Gandhi, pained the perceptions of Indians. It brought about the idea that Western civilisation was superior, and destroyed their sense of pride in their culture. Thus, charmed by the West, and by everything coming from the West, the Indians educated under the colonial system would end up being the admirers of British rule in India. They willingly forgot their enslavement, and became slaves even further.

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