NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Geography Chapter 6 Major Landforms of the Earth

NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Geography Chapter 6 Major Landforms of the Earth Social Science

In this page you will find NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Geography Chapter 6 Major Landforms of the Earth will be helpful in knowing about the new topics and things. It will make learning and understanding more easier with detailed and accurate NCERT Solutions. These are curated by our expert teachers who have vast experience of teaching students.

NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Geography Chapter 6 Major Landforms of the Earth

Chapter 6 Major Landforms of the Earth NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Geography


1. Answer the following questions briefly.

(a) What are the major landforms?

Solution

The major landforms of the earth are Mountains, Plateaus and Plains.

(b) What is the difference between a mountain and a plateau?

Solution

Mountain Plateau
A map is a representation or a drawing of the Earth’s surface or a part of it drawn on a flat surface according to a scale. A plateau is an elevated flat land. It is a flat-topped table land standing above the surrounding area.
Mountains have peaks. Plateaus are flattened highlands.

(c) What are the different types of mountains?

Solution

The different types of mountains are fold, block and volcanic.

(d) How are mountains useful to man?

Solution

Mountains useful to man in the following ways:

• Mountains are storehouse of water which is the basic need of the human beings. Reservoirs are made and the water is harnessed for the use of people. Water is used for irrigation and generation of hydroelectricity.
• Mountains have a rich variety of flora and fauna.
• Mountains provide an idyllic site for tourists. They visit the mountains for their scenic beauty.

(e) How are plains formed?

Solution

Plains are formed by rivers and their tributaries. Rivers flow down slope of mountains and erode them. They carry the eroded material forward. Then they deposit their load consisting of stones, sand, and silt along their courses and in their valleys. Plains form from these deposits.

(f) Why are the river plains thickly populated?

Solution

The river plains are filled with people because more and more flat land is available for building houses, as well as for cultivation.

(g) Why are mountains thinly populated?

Solution

The mountains are thinly populated because of the harsh climate. It is quite difficult to grow crops, build  houses or roads in a mountain.

2. Tick the correct answers.

(a) The mountains differ from the hills in terms of
(i) elevation
(ii) slope
(iii) aspect
Solution (i) elevation

(b) Glaciers are found in
(i) the mountains
(ii) the plains
(iii) the plateaus
Solution (i) the mountains

(c) The Deccan Plateau is located in
(i) Kenya
(ii) Australia
(iii) India
Solution (iii) India

(d) The river Yangtze flows in
(i) South America
(ii) Australia
(iii) China
Solution (iii) China

(e) An important mountain range of Europe is
(i) the Andes
(ii) the Alps
(iii) the Rockies
Solution (ii) the Alps

3. Fill in the blanks.

1. A ____ is an unbroken flat or a low-level land.
Solution plain

2. The Himalayas and the Alps are examples of ____types of mountains.
Solution fold

3. ___ areas are rich in mineral deposits.
Solution Plateau

4. The ____ is a line of mountains.
Solution range

5. The ____areas are most productive for farming.
Solution plain

Map Skills

On an outline map of the world, mark the following :
(a) Mountain ranges: Himalayas, Rockies and Andes.
(b) Plateau: Tibet.

Solution

Chapter 6 Class 6 Geography Map Skills

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