NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Civics Chapter 3 How the State Government Works Social Science

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NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Civics Chapter 3 How the State Government Works

Chapter 3 How the State Government Works NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Civics

1. Use the terms 'constituency' and 'represent' to explain who an MLA is and how is the person elected?


MLA is the members of the legislative assembly who represent people and also form the government.

• Each state has a legislative assembly.

• Each state is divided into different areas or constituencies.

• From each constituency, the people elect one representative who then becomes a Member of the Legislative Assembly (MLA).

• MLA is elected by the people who contest in election by voting.

2. How did some MLAs become Ministers? Explain.


• After the elections, a political party whose MLAs have won more than half the number of constituencies in a state became the ruling party.

• The MLAs belonging to the ruling party will elect their leader who will become the chief minister.

• The chief minister then selects other people as ministers.

• The Governor of the state then appoints the chief minister and other ministers.

3. Why should decisions taken by the Chief Minister and other ministers be debated in the Legislative Assembly?


• In a democratic government, participant is important from each and every section. Thus, whatever decisions are being taken have to be approved by the members of the legislative assembly.

• These members then ask questions, debate an important issue, decide where money should be spent, etc.

• After that, they have the main authority to finalize the decision.

4. What was the problem in Patalpuram? What discussion/action was taken by the following? Fill in the table.

Public meeting -
Legislative Assembly -
Press conference -
Chief Minister -


Main problem in Patalpuram:

• Lack of proper sanitation and hygiene.

• Scarcity of clean drinking water.

• Not proper medical facilities.

• Spread of diarrhoea.

Public meeting
Condemned the government and showed  protest put their demand to Govt.
Legislative Assembly Discussed the issue and decided the  course of action
Press conference The health minister presented the plan of  action initiated by Govt.
Chief Minister Visited Patalpuram district. They went to visit the families who had lost their relatives and also visited people in the hospitals. Promised funds for the works and also planned to start a campaign to inform people.

5. What is the difference between the work that MLAs do in the Assembly and the work done by government departments?


(i) The law-making process is done through the Legislative Assembly of each state. The implementation of the laws is done by various government departments.

(ii) All work done by these government departments must be approved by members of the legislature (MLA).

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